Legal English

Above the Law

Lesson Plan January 29, 2013

Filed under: Teacher's Guide — aiinmodhnoor @ 1:38 am

Lesson Plan

Lesson Duration  2 Hours
Target Learners Law students (first year)
Proficiency Level Beginner
Skills Speaking, Listening, Reading, Writing
Learning Outcome At the end of this lesson students will be able to:

  1.  Plan and organize an oral presentation.
  2. Use an appropriate introduction
  3. Express ideas clearly
Educational Background Diploma
Teaching Aids The Legal English Program

Teaching Approaches

Communicative Approach


Teaching Procedures


Teacher’s Activity

Students’ Activity



11.30- 11.45

(15 minutes)


To draw students’ attention and create interest.

  • Recall students’ previous knowledge on what they have learned in previous class.
  • Introducing the topic of the day.
  • ‘Brainstorming’ what comes in their mind when they hear about oral presentation.
Students response
  • White board,
  • Marker pen.

Development 1


(20 minutes)


  • Students can use all the input and tips that have been given and apply it in their presentation.
  • Communicative stress is one of the aspect that lecturer should highlight on because it will effect students performance.
  • Give input to student on how to plan and organize oral presentation.
  • Discussion on tips that they can use in oral presentation
  • Video showing on a tips for good oral presentation
  • Students listen to the lecture and give their opinion on tips for oral presentation
  • Students jot down the tips that they can find from the video.
  • Slide show – lesson1
  • video- Lesson 3

Development II


12.00- 12.30pm

(30 minutes)

  • This can be use as a scale to measure students understanding towards the topic of the day.
  • To see whether they can apply what they have learned
  • Divide the students into groups.
  • Students will be given topic to prepare for a short presentation
  • Students discuss in group.

Development III



( 25 minutes)


To put theory into practice

  • Students’ presentation


  • Students present their issue.



(5 minutes)

To recap the lesson.

  • Teacher recaps the lesson.


  • Students respond by asking questions.



Lesson 7 January 17, 2013

Filed under: Lessons — aiinmodhnoor @ 1:16 pm
Top 10 tips for presentation success:


  1. Make sure you have prepared well, and have developed a clear, structured and organised argument.
  2. Consider who your audience is and tailor your presentation to their needs.
  3. Focus on three key messages that you want your audience to understand and remember.
  4. Don’t try to be somebody else. Find a personal presenting style you are comfortable with.
  5. If you must use notes, do not read your presentation directly from them.
  6. Use images, charts, physical signals and pauses to help get your message across. Not just words.
  7. In examination-in-chief, focus on the ‘W’ questions, where, what, who, when, why?
  8. When cross-examining, develop a structured plan but avoid using a rigid list of questions.
  9. Make sure you listen to the answers while you consider your next question.
  10. Don’t ask a question unless you know the answer.



Lesson 6

Filed under: Lessons — aiinmodhnoor @ 1:00 pm



There are three essential rules about presentation:

  • Words are not the only tool
  • Preparation, preparation, preparation
  • The rule of three


Words are not the only (or even the best) tool

Research shows that when presented with information, we take in 55% of it from visuals, 38% from spoken words and 7% from printed words. So, just like the old adage, “a picture paints a thousand words”, try to use visual aids whenever possible. This is why lawyers use exhibits in documents and in court to help them prove points.


Preparation, preparation, preparation

Been to a play where the actors had forgotten their lines? What was your immediate impression? That’s why preparation is so important.

Some of the most memorable speeches in history have been the best prepared ones. Winston Churchill spent six weeks preparing, refining and rehearsing his maiden speech to the House of Commons in 1901, and then wowed his fellow MPs with a prefect memorised delivery on the day.

Good preparation involves:

  • knowing the contents of your presentation
  • having a well laid out plan
  • refining and rehearsing the presentation before the real event.
The rule of three

People cannot remember too much information at any one time. Most of your audience will only remember three key things from your presentation, so plan for what these will be.

Think of:

  • Julius Caesar’s “Friends, Romans, Countrymen, lend me your ears…”
  • “Location, location, location” when buying property
  • Churchill’s “I can promise you blood, sweat, toil and tears” (usually quoted as the “Blood, Sweat & Tears” speech).

Top tip: Remember, the rule of three when it comes to presentations is:

  • Words are not the only tool
  • Preparation, preparation, preparation
  • The rule of three.

Try it yourself! Think of a presentation you will need to make in the near future. Prepare for that presentation using the rule of three.



Lesson 5

Filed under: Lessons — aiinmodhnoor @ 12:53 pm




Essentially an advocate’s task is one of presenting, as they need to:

  • be heard (engage and maintain the audience’s interest)
  • get the message across (select the right contents and emphasis)
  • persuade the audience to accept the view advocated.

Aristotle identified three elements of persuasion:

  • Ethos: the speaker has to convince the audience that he or she is credible, trustworthy, genuine and believable.
  • Pathos: the speech must appeal to the emotions, so that the audience is psychologically inclined to accept the arguments.
  • Logos: the arguments must be reasoned, and supported by law and fact.

Advocates must consider these key points when presenting:

  • Addressing the audience
  • Presenting
  • Style
  • Eloquence
  • Body language
Addressing the audience

Whether your audience is a judge, a jury, a group of lay magistrates or the Lords of Appeal, you always need to be clear and convincing. Consider who your audience is and tailor your presentation to make sure they will follow all your nuances and inferences.




Make sure you have prepared well, and have a structured and organised argument. Use notes and mind maps as prompts if you need them but remember that you will lose voice projection and eye contact if you are read from a speech. Presenting is not a test of fluency of reading. You should conduct yourself as an advocate, not a newsreader.


Everybody presents in a slightly different way and should find a personal style you are comfortable with. Try to be honest, sincere and authoritative (though you do not always need to be right). Try not to be pompous or arrogant. Ultimately, be yourself, an accomplished advocate, rather than an automaton.



Cultivate the art of fine speaking and the power of persuasion. Make sure you use appropriate and simple language (complex language can obscure the message) and keep your role and audience in mind. Where appropriate, use active language rather than passive phrases and make use of questions, emotion and repetition. Consider the pace of your presentation and include pauses for effect if required.

Body language

Be sure to consider your appearance, posture and performance when you are presenting. Different stances can communicate confidence or make you look like a bag of nerves. Think about how you interact with other people in the presentation, and the signals your appearance and behaviour may be sending.

Try it yourself! In no more than five minutes, try and persuade a friend to do something which they have never done before. How easy did you find that? What tactics worked well?



Lesson 4 January 11, 2013

Filed under: Lessons — aiinmodhnoor @ 8:43 am

Hello Lawyer, I believes that the first video on the Basic of Oral Presentation helps you a lot in your Moot Court. Being a lawyer which have a basic oral presentation is not enough right? Well, lets watch the next video that will turn you from a good mooter into a great mooter, including listening and responding concisely to judges and preparing the story to take the judges through the different components of your argument. There are all seven tips in the video, take note of the seven tips and try to come out with your own example. Enjoy the video Lawyers!


Lesson 3

Filed under: Lessons — aiinmodhnoor @ 8:31 am

Hello Lawyers,

Feel nervous when you heard oral presentation? Well, as a good lawyer you need to master the basic of oral presentation. So, let’s watch the video on the Basic Of Oral Presentation. While you watch the video, jot down the important points and come out with a mind map to share with the others. Happy watching people!



Filed under: Links — aiinmodhnoor @ 6:58 am

Super Lawyer to be, below are some useful links that you can visit.

If you are having problem in understanding or finding meanings of idioms the links below will solve your problem. Check them out